The Everest region trekking is located in the northeast of Nepal. The 10-day walk through the middle hills of Solu to the higher altitudes of Khumbu Region to the base of Mt. Everest, the world’s highest peak. Everest Region Trekking is an opportunity to observe and participate in the daily life of the legendary Sherpa people. The prime attraction is the 8,848 m peak of Mt. Everest lies in Sagarmatha National Park, which is also home to two other highest peaks among the 10 peaks above 8000 m, Mt. Lhotse and Mt. Cho Oyu.
Nominated as World Heritage Site in 1979, most of the parks within 1,148 sq.km lies 3,000 m above. The park includes rugged terrain containing glaciers, deep gorge and huge rocks. There is the frequent change in the vegetation of the park from hemlock, juniper, pine, rhododendron, fir, shrubs and birch to alpine plants then to bare rock likewise to snow. Many endangered animals like serow, ghoral, musk deer and tahr as well as blood pheasant, the yellow-billed chough, impeyan pheasant and red-billed chough lives here.
One of the trails to Everest begins from Lukla where the airport is at 2,850 m. After landing, the trail heads up to the Dudhkoshi River Valley then leads you to the Legendary Sherpa village of Namche Bazaar lying in the Khumbu (3,500 m) which is the gateway for trekking and expedition to many mountain areas including Mt. Everest. Above Namche, lie the cultural and traditional village of Khumjung and Khunde. Khumjung lying at the foot of the cherished peak, Khumbila which is known as the largest village in the Khumbu. The Khunde Hospital maintained by the original Hillary school (Khumjung School) and Himalayan Trust lies here since 1960. Alight on high ridge when you cross the canyon from Khunde lies the leading Buddhist center in the Khumbu known as Tengboche Monastery. This monastery provides you amazing views of Everest, Ama Dablam and Lhotse. The attractive monastery is composed of Azaleas, pines and colorful mountain rhododendrons. There are lodges and rest houses as well as camping sites. From Tengboche, the trail continues to Kala Pattar, Pheriche and the hamlet of Gorakshep from where the site of Everest base camp is easily reachable likewise to the summit of Kala Pattar (5,545 m) from where much of Mount Everest is more easily visible. As the altitude gains are rapid, you must take time to accurately acclimatize the view.
To enter the Everest region, you must obtain TIMS Card and Park Entry Permit from the Tourist Service Center located at Bhrikutimanda, Kathmandu.
Everest region lies at the high altitude so the temperatures are usually low. During winter season the temperature gets extreme low and snowfalls in the higher altitude while in summer season it gets cool and temperate when the sun rise respectively gets cold and chilly after the sun sets. During rains, the climate is usually cold. October- November, December- February and March- May is the best time to visit this region. During spring and fall, Mountaineering expedition takes place.
You can access to Everest region by air or on foot. By air, you fly to Lukla which is 30 minute flight, served by many airlines from Kathmandu. You can take bus from Old Bus Park near Ratna Park; Kathamandu that takes you to jiri which is 10 hour drive and walk for 2-3 days leads you to Lukla. There is a good facility for hotels, resorts, lodges with tea houses along the trekking trails. During the trail, you can get chance to experience camping site and options.